About Pembroke Welsh Corgi
referenced from :
The Pembroke Welsh
Corgi is a long, low dog with large erect ears, a broad
flat skull and a fox-like head. The tail is almost
non-existent. (The Cardigan variety has a long tail.)
The Pembroke's eyes are dark, preferably with black
rims, and the nose is black. The soft, water-resistant
coat comes in red, sable, fawn or black & tan, usually
with white markings. Some differences between the
Pembroke and the Cardigan are: the Pembroke usually has
straighter legs as it is not quite as long- bodied as a
Cardigan; the Pembroke's head is generally more
wedge-shaped; the ears are smaller and closer together
than the Cardigans; also the Pembroke tends to be
lighter than the Cardigan.
The Pembroke Welsh
Corgi is a hardy, highly intelligent, obedient,
protective and devoted dog. Corgis are extremely active
and devoted little dogs, and are usually good with
considerate children. They make fine guards, and
excellent show and obedience dogs. Wary of strangers, it
should be properly socialized and trained when it is
still young - to avoid over-protective behavior as an
adult. Some Pembrokes are more outgoing, restless and
excitable than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Several of
these brave dogs have lost their lives defending their
homes, as they were too small for the situation. They
sometimes try to herd people by nipping at their heels,
although they can be trained not to do this. The
Pembroke tends to bark a lot and makes a good alarm dog.
Males can be aggressive with other males, particularly
if a bitch in heat is in the vicinity.
Height & Weight
10-12 inches (25-30cm) Bitches 10-12 inches (25-30cm)
Weight: Dogs 25-30 pounds (11-14kg) Bitches 24-28 pounds
Common Health Problems
Prone to PRA, glaucoma and
back disorders. Do not overfeed this breed, as it tends
to gain weight easily.
will do fine in an apartment if they are sufficiently
exercised. This breed is very active indoors and will do
okay without a yard. They will do okay in most climates.
Naturally active little
dogs, they should always be encouraged to remain so.
They need to be taken on a daily, long walk.
About 12-15 years.
The soft, medium-length water-resistant coat is easy to
groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and
bathe only when necessary. The coat is shed twice a
The Pembroke and the Cardigan Welsh Corgis have been
considered separate breeds for only about 70 years.
There are several theories about the origins of the
Welsh Corgi. Both Corgi varieties may be descended from
Swedish Vallhunds brought to Wales by Vikings in the
800's. Or perhaps the Cardigan is the older variety,
brought to Wales by the Celts in about 1200 BC. The name
"Corgi" comes from the Celtic word for dog. Another
source claims that the Pembroke varieties were brought
to Wales by Flemish weavers in the 1100's. No matter
what the breed's true early history, the Pembroke Welsh
Corgi breed developed in Pembrokeshire, Wales, and was
used to drive cattle by nipping their heels and barking.
His low stature helped him roll out of the way when a
cow kicked. Corgis still maintain that habit when
chasing each other. The Pembroke and Cardigan varieties
were freely interbred until the 1930's, after which time
breeders tried to accentuate their differences. A
Pembroke Welsh Corgi is well-known as the favorite breed
and pet of Queen Elizabeth II. Because of royal favor,
and perhaps because of a slightly gentler personality,
the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has become very popular, while
the Cardigan is not as widespread. Some of the
Pembroke's talents include: herding, watchdogging,
guarding, and competitive obedience.
referenced from : FCI Standard No
PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD:
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle
Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 Sheepdogs.
Without working trial.
APPEARANCE: Low set, strong, sturdily built, alert
and active, giving impression of substance and stamina
in small space.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of foreface to be in
proportion to skull 3 to 5.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Bold in outlook, workmanlike.
Outgoing and friendly never nervous or aggressive.
Head foxy in shape and appearance, with alert,
CRANIAL REGION: Skull: Fairly wide and flat between
ears. Stop: Moderate.
FACIAL REGION: Nose: Black. Muzzle: Slightly tapering.
Jaws/Teeth: Strong with perfect, regular and complete
scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the
lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Eyes: Well set,
round, medium size, brown, blending with colour of coat.
Ears: Pricked, medium sized, slightly rounded. Line
drawn from tip of nose through eye should, if extended,
pass through, or close to tip of ear.
Medium length, not short coupled, slightly tapering,
when viewed from above. Top line: Level. Chest: Chest
broad and deep, well let down between forelegs. Well
Short, preferably natural. Docked : Short. Undocked :
Set in line with the topline. Natural carriage above
topline when moving or alert.
FOREQUARTERS: Shoulder: Well laid, and angulated at 90
degrees to the upper arm. Upper arm: Moulded round
chest. Elbow: Fitting closely to sides, neither loose
nor tied. Forearm: Short and as straight as possible.
Ample bone, carried right down to feet. Forefeet: Oval,
toes strong, well arched, and tight, two centre toes
slightly advance, of two outer, pads strong and well
arched. Nails short.
HINDQUARTERS: General appearance: Strong and flexible.
Legs short. Ample bone carried right down to feet.
Stifle (Knee): Well angulated. Hock joint: Hocks
straight when viewed from behind. Hind feet: Oval, toes
strong, well arched, and tight, two centre toes slightly
advance, of two outer, pads strong and well arched.
MOVEMENT: Free and active, neither loose nor tied.
Forelegs move well forward, without too much lift, in
unison with thrusting action of hindlegs.
Hair: Medium length, straight with dense undercoat,
never soft, wavy or wiry. Colour: Self colours in Red,
Sable, Fawn, Black and Tan, with or without white
markings on legs, brisket and neck. Some white on head
and foreface permissible.
WEIGHT: Height at the withers: Approximately 25 – 30
cms. Weight: Males: 10-12 kgs. Females: 9-11 kgs.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion
to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare
of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with
breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.