About Pembroke Welsh Corgi

referenced from : http://www.dogbreedinfo/pembrokecorgi.htm

Description
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a long, low dog with large erect ears, a broad flat skull and a fox-like head. The tail is almost non-existent. (The Cardigan variety has a long tail.) The Pembroke's eyes are dark, preferably with black rims, and the nose is black. The soft, water-resistant coat comes in red, sable, fawn or black & tan, usually with white markings. Some differences between the Pembroke and the Cardigan are: the Pembroke usually has straighter legs as it is not quite as long- bodied as a Cardigan; the Pembroke's head is generally more wedge-shaped; the ears are smaller and closer together than the Cardigans; also the Pembroke tends to be lighter than the Cardigan.

Temperament
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a hardy, highly intelligent, obedient, protective and devoted dog. Corgis are extremely active and devoted little dogs, and are usually good with considerate children. They make fine guards, and excellent show and obedience dogs. Wary of strangers, it should be properly socialized and trained when it is still young - to avoid over-protective behavior as an adult. Some Pembrokes are more outgoing, restless and excitable than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Several of these brave dogs have lost their lives defending their homes, as they were too small for the situation. They sometimes try to herd people by nipping at their heels, although they can be trained not to do this. The Pembroke tends to bark a lot and makes a good alarm dog. Males can be aggressive with other males, particularly if a bitch in heat is in the vicinity.

Height & Weight
Height: Dogs 10-12 inches (25-30cm) Bitches 10-12 inches (25-30cm)
Weight: Dogs 25-30 pounds (11-14kg) Bitches 24-28 pounds (11-13kg)

Common Health Problems
Prone to PRA, glaucoma and back disorders. Do not overfeed this breed, as it tends to gain weight easily.

Living Conditions
The Pembroke will do fine in an apartment if they are sufficiently exercised. This breed is very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. They will do okay in most climates.

Exercise
Naturally active little dogs, they should always be encouraged to remain so. They need to be taken on a daily, long walk.

Life Expectancy
About 12-15 years.

Grooming
The soft, medium-length water-resistant coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. The coat is shed twice a year.

Origin
The Pembroke and the Cardigan Welsh Corgis have been considered separate breeds for only about 70 years. There are several theories about the origins of the Welsh Corgi. Both Corgi varieties may be descended from Swedish Vallhunds brought to Wales by Vikings in the 800's. Or perhaps the Cardigan is the older variety, brought to Wales by the Celts in about 1200 BC. The name "Corgi" comes from the Celtic word for dog. Another source claims that the Pembroke varieties were brought to Wales by Flemish weavers in the 1100's. No matter what the breed's true early history, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed developed in Pembrokeshire, Wales, and was used to drive cattle by nipping their heels and barking. His low stature helped him roll out of the way when a cow kicked. Corgis still maintain that habit when chasing each other. The Pembroke and Cardigan varieties were freely interbred until the 1930's, after which time breeders tried to accentuate their differences. A Pembroke Welsh Corgi is well-known as the favorite breed and pet of Queen Elizabeth II. Because of royal favor, and perhaps because of a slightly gentler personality, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has become very popular, while the Cardigan is not as widespread. Some of the Pembroke's talents include: herding, watchdogging, guarding, and competitive obedience.


referenced from : FCI Standard No 39

ORIGIN: Great Britain.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 04.11.2010.

UTILIZATION: Sheepdog.

FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 Sheepdogs. Without working trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Low set, strong, sturdily built, alert and active, giving impression of substance and stamina in small space.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of foreface to be in proportion to skull 3 to 5.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Bold in outlook, workmanlike. Outgoing and friendly never nervous or aggressive.

HEAD Head foxy in shape and appearance, with alert, intelligent expression
CRANIAL REGION: Skull: Fairly wide and flat between ears. Stop: Moderate.
FACIAL REGION: Nose: Black. Muzzle: Slightly tapering. Jaws/Teeth: Strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Eyes: Well set, round, medium size, brown, blending with colour of coat. Ears: Pricked, medium sized, slightly rounded. Line drawn from tip of nose through eye should, if extended, pass through, or close to tip of ear.

NECK: Fairly long.

BODY: Medium length, not short coupled, slightly tapering, when viewed from above. Top line: Level. Chest: Chest broad and deep, well let down between forelegs. Well sprung ribs.

TAIL: Short, preferably natural. Docked : Short. Undocked : Set in line with the topline. Natural carriage above topline when moving or alert.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS: Shoulder: Well laid, and angulated at 90 degrees to the upper arm. Upper arm: Moulded round chest. Elbow: Fitting closely to sides, neither loose nor tied. Forearm: Short and as straight as possible. Ample bone, carried right down to feet. Forefeet: Oval, toes strong, well arched, and tight, two centre toes slightly advance, of two outer, pads strong and well arched. Nails short.
HINDQUARTERS: General appearance: Strong and flexible. Legs short. Ample bone carried right down to feet. Stifle (Knee): Well angulated. Hock joint: Hocks straight when viewed from behind. Hind feet: Oval, toes strong, well arched, and tight, two centre toes slightly advance, of two outer, pads strong and well arched. Nails short.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: Free and active, neither loose nor tied. Forelegs move well forward, without too much lift, in unison with thrusting action of hindlegs.

COAT
Hair: Medium length, straight with dense undercoat, never soft, wavy or wiry. Colour: Self colours in Red, Sable, Fawn, Black and Tan, with or without white markings on legs, brisket and neck. Some white on head and foreface permissible.

SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height at the withers: Approximately 25 30 cms. Weight: Males: 10-12 kgs. Females: 9-11 kgs.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS
Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.